¹wa·ter \’wÓ-tər, ‘wá-\
1 a: the liquid that descends from the clouds as rain, forms streams, lakes, and seas, and is a major constituent of all living matter and that when pure is an odorless, tasteless, very slightly compressible liquid oxide of hydrogen H2O which appears bluish in thick layers, freezes at 0° C and boils at 100° C, has a maximum density at 4° C and a high specific heat, is feebly ionized to hydrogen and hydroxyl ions, and is a poor conductor of electricity and a good solvent

What is Groundwater? Groundwater is water below the land surface that fills the spaces between grains of sand, gravel and rocks or fills cracks and fractures in the bedrock or sandstone. Saturated zones in sediment such as sand and gravel, and in fractured rock and sandstone formations, that receive, store, and transmit water to wells are called aquifers.

Clean and plentiful groundwater is a vital resource for personal and economic health everywhere in the United States.

Each day, over 130 million Americans get their drinking water from groundwater. About 40 million are supplied from individual home wells.

Groundwater is a safe, economic and an environmentally friendly resource. We don’t need to dam up rivers and disturb ecology to store water. Mother Nature has made the geology of the earth a natural storage place for groundwater. We must all play a role in protecting America’s groundwater.

To that end, private well owners have a special responsibility to ensure the safety of their drinking water.

How do we get Groundwater? A water well is needed to reach the aquifer where groundwater is found. Today, most wells are made by drilling into the aquifers using specially designed drilling machines (rigs) to access the groundwater beneath the surface. In most cases electric pumps are used to raise the water to the surface.

The creation of a water well consists of several elements. After selecting the site to drill the well, the process usually include drilling, development, testing and equipment installation. (Source: American Groundwater Trust)

Types of Wells

In many areas wells are the only way to access groundwater. There are three most common wells based on how they are made: dug wells, driven wells, and drilled wells (Waller, 1999).

Driven wells are built by driving a small diameter pipe into soft ground, like driving a nail into wood. Driven wells are only efficient at reaching shallow water.

Drilling is the most common way to create a well today. Drilled wells typically are constructed from 25-400+ feet in depth.

Water Levels in Wells
Water levels in wells vary according to seasonal variations in rainfall, recharge rate, and pumpage. The surface that represents the level to which water will rise in a tightly cased (sealed) well is the potentiometric surface. This surface is the result of all the pressures on groundwater. The water table is a particular potentiometric surface for unconfined aquifers. The water surface in a well into an artesian aquifer rises above the level of the aquifer, because the water is being pushed toward the potentiometric surface (Fetter, 1994).

When water is pumped from a well faster than water can refill the pore spaces around the well, the potentiometric surface is lowered in the area of the well. The vertical change in the level of the potentiometric surface at the well is called the drawdown. Drawdown is most dependent on the rate of pumping. The 3-dimensional deflection of the potentiometric surface around the well is the cone of depression, and is controlled by the speed of recharge to the pore spaces near the well.

A cone of depression in one well can impact the water level in a nearby well. Below, well B is pumping out groundwater, thereby lowering the water level in well A, which is not pumping. If pumping at well B increases, the cone of depression can lower the water level sufficiently to leave well A dry.
Source: University of Texas, Austin

How can we help you?

We believe that every water well owner should be completely informed on the technical aspects of groundwater maintenance, well construction and the pumping system.

“I appreciated the detailed description that was included with the quote. Your company worked around my schedule and defined convenience to the max! I will be recommending you to all of my family, friends and co-workers!”

Kristen H.

For Service or an Emergency Contact us at 815-385-0414 or 800-338-0213

WE ARE AN ESSENTIAL BUSINESS AND OPEN TO SERVE YOU: How Huemann Well Drilling Is Responding To The COVID-19 Virus Concerns.

We are in unprecedented times here in our great nation, state, and city. We know many people are working from home and self-quarantining, which can put additional stress on your water well Systems. Huemann Well Drilling has been serving our community since 1902 and we are ready to serve the needs of our customers and team members while doing our best to protect the needs of the community at large. Safety is one of our core values and is a high priority every day. Huemann Well Drilling provides a vital role in maintaining the health and safety of our community. Therefore, we will remain open during this time of social distancing. If you’re experiencing problems with your water well systems, you can count on us to make the appropriate fix or recommendation. We are open and running service calls to homes. We want to be there in case of emergencies and make sure we keep our customers safe and comfortable at home. We also need to take caution to protect our team members and make sure they stay healthy as well. When you call in, our office staff will be asking if anyone in the home has a fever, been diagnosed or had exposure to the virus. We also ask if anyone has traveled the last month. We need to know so that we can be proactive with our team’s response and level of protection. We will have team members who do not want to be exposed to a high-risk customer and we will respect those wishes. If you are scheduled already, we plan to come, but you are welcome to reschedule so please let us know. We will call before coming and go over any precautions that we need to discuss. Please be patient with our team so that we can take the best care of you and all our customers. We intend to limit our time in groups as we have canceled all group meetings until further notice. Technicians already work in isolation for most of the day and are not exposed to large groups during work. We will be limiting face to face interaction between our office team members and field team members. Huemann Well Drilling is ready to help with service anytime you need us.